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National Bureau of Expertises took part in the seminar in Astana

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In Astana took place a seminar on ՛՛Export Control on Dual-use Materials and Technologies in Central Asia՛՛ organized by International Science and Technology Centre (ISTC). The seminar was attended by representatives from 11 countries of Central Asia, as well as from neighboring countries, particularly Afghanistan, Armenia, Georgia, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Mongolia, Pakistan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan. The National Bureau of Expertises of RA was represented by P. Voskanyan, the Deputy Director, the head of the military and dual-use certification authority of the National Bureau of Expertises.

The seminar was opened by presentation material of pilot project EU P2P on Export Control on Dual-use Materials and Technologies realizing in Jordan and Kazakhstan in 2015-2016.

In the plenary presentations of the seminar, international agreements, legal issues and thereunder approaches and challenges to control dual-use materials were presented, as well as export control regime that help prevent the spread of CBRN (chemical, biological, radiological and nuclear) materials were in detailed considered.

During the seminar prominence was given to the need for the organization and operating of identification centers. A specific examples showed the features functioning of the identification center in the National Nuclear Center of Kazakhstan.

It is worth mentioning the report of Anne Harrington, former Deputy Administrator, US Defense Nuclear Nonproliferation, who noted that the criteria for controlling the export control of military and dual-use materials were subject to change over time and for all their specificity for each individual country, characteristic features and therefore require the involvement of joint efforts for cooperation and exchange of experience. She also noted that examinations of dual-use materials and technologies that have both civilian and military applications in some cases cause certain difficulties in their identification since the common and particular characteristics of the exported unit or a number of units coincide with the common and particular signs of the names of materials of dual-use purpose that is very often the camouflage of the distinctive characteristics makes difficult to conduct reliable expert studies.

As a result of the seminar, priority directions were identified for the practical implementation of the requirements of export control, namely:

- increased attention to the dissemination of information materials on export control of dual-use materials, especially in Central Asia, the South Caucasus, Jordan, Afghanistan, Pakistan, Mongolia;

- organization of academic education in the universities for the purpose of training both teachers and specialists engaged in expert activities in the field of control of dual-use materials;

- organization of at the national level of CBRN identification centers with the subsequent creation of a network for the exchange of data between regional centers;

- establishment of local research support groups to understand and assess risks in the light of technology evolution and emerging new challenges in this regard.

The results of two-day seminar were summed up by Deputy Head of Unit European Commission DG for International Cooperation and Development, who noted with satisfaction the business and constructive nature of the event, the consensus reached on almost all the topics discussed and proposed a regular seminar on the development of a joint action program in Astana, March-April 2018.

The opening of the seminar was marked by the presentation of pilot program on export control of dual-use materials and technologies implemented by the European Union in Kazakhstan and Jordan in the period 2015-2016.

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